What is Criminal Care & Social Games?

The consequences of crime are damaging for inmates’ children and families. In collaboration with prison and probation services we design social games and playful tools for dialogue that may help children and inmates to better cope with personal and social problems resulting from parental incarceration. These are our projects involving Criminal Care & Social Games:

Social Games Against Crime
Changing Perspectives

What is Criminal Care & Social Games?

The consequences of crime are damaging for inmates’ children and families. In collaboration with prison and probation services we design social games and playful tools for dialogue that may help children and inmates to better cope with personal and social problems resulting from parental incarceration. These are our projects involving Criminal Care & Social Games:

Social Games Against Crime
Changing Perspectives

SOCIAL GAMES AGAINST CRIME

Designing a game for prisoners and children of prisoners to be played during visiting hours

The overall aim of the Social Games against Crime project (SAC) is to design, implement and evaluate a new social board game, which is designed specifically for the sake of helping children to build resilience towards many of the personal and social problems they experience as a result of their father being imprisoned.

The project is funded by TrygFonden and has resulted in the design of the board game FÆNGSLET.

Today the board game is fully implemented in all Danish prisons, where it can be played by children and their incarcerated fathers during in-visits.

Find more information about the project here

“The experienced game world is designed to strengthen social bonds and foster new family narratives through bodily interactions and dialogs between the players”

Researchers

Thomas Markussen, Eva Knutz, Tau Lenskjold, Isabella Tamara, Nana Koch Hansen Department of Design & Communication, University of Southern Denmark

Partners

The Danish Prison & Probation Service (DK), Aarhus University (DK), SAVN (DK), Design against Crime Research Centre, UAL (UK), Delft Technical University (NL)

Project time

October 2015 – December 2018

Funded by

TrygFonden

Budget

3,773,038 Kr.

CHANGING PERSPECTIVES

Designing a game for increasing empathy in incarcerated fathers

The aim of the Changing Perspectives project is to design and implement a game-based tool for dialogue used by family consultants in their work with incarcerated fathers within the Danish Prison and Probation Service’s Parenting program. The project has resulted in FARS OMGANG – a tool facilitating conversations on parent-child relationships that is currently being evaluated.

Today, there are 4000 prisoners in Denmark. All of them have families and most of them have children living outside the prison walls. According to Statistics Denmark 3% of all Danish children have at some point in their life experienced the imprisonment of a parent. At any point in time around 4,500 children have a mother or father in prison (Smith, 2010, p. 29).

Parental incarceration is documented to cause a range of developmental problems for children. However, empirical studies have suggested that well‐designed interventions, which support inmates in their parenting role and sustain proximal process with their children, can have a positive effect on parenting post release and children’s well-being.

“The game is designed to foster contemplation, prompt dialog and discuss strategies  among incarcerated fathers to  empathize and possibly alleviate the consequences experienced by their children”

Researchers

Thomas Markussen, Eva Knutz, Tau Lenskjold, Isabella Tamara Hamid Department of Design & Communication, University of Southern Denmark

Partners

Kriminal Forsorgen, SAVN

Project time

June 2017 – May 2019

Funded by

SDU’s budget strategy

Budget

996,000 Kr.

PUBLICATIONS

Family narratives and identity navigation in social design: a method of analysis

Knutz, E., Markussen, T., Visch, V., Tan, E.S.H. ( 2021). Journal of Design Research

Design games as fieldwork: Re-visiting design games from a design anthropological perspective

Kjaersgaard, M. G., Knutz, E., & Markussen, T. (2021). Design Studies, 73, 100994

Playing games to re-story troubled family narratives in Danish maximum-security prisons

Markussen, T., & Knutz, E. (2020). Punishment & Society22(4), 483-50

Understanding Dynamics of Identity Navigation in Social Design

Knutz, E., Markussen, T., Visch, V., & Tan, E. (2020). In Design Research Society International Conference 2020: Synergy (pp. 186-203). Griffith University

Board games as a new method for studying troubled family narratives:
Framing counter-narratives in social design research

Markussen, T., & Knutz, E. (2020). In Routledge Handbook of Counter-Narratives (pp. 132-148). Routledge

The ripple effects of social design: a model to support new cultures of evaluation in design research

Knutz, E., & Markussen, T. (2019, December). In Design research for change symposium (pp. 223-240). Lancaster University

Playful Participation in social games

Markussen, T., & Knutz, E. (2017). Playful participation in social games. Conjunctions. Transdisciplinary Journal of Cultural Participation4(1)

Fiction as a resource in Participatory Design

Knutz, E., Lenskjold, T. U., & Markussen, T. (2016). In proceedings of DRS 2016 International Conference: Future–Focused Thinking (pp. 1830-1844). Design Research Society

Design activism as a new method for inquiring into mixed emotions in uncomfortable social interactions

Markussen, T., Knutz, E., & Lenskjold, T. U. (2016, September). In proceedings of DRS, Design & Emotion Society, Amsterdam

Designing narrative games for serious contexts

Knutz, E., Markussen, T., Desmet, P., & Visch, V. (2012). In proceedings of the 8th Design and Emotion Conference, CSM, University of the arts, London, 2012

PUBLICATIONS

Fiction as a resource in Participatory Design

Knutz, E., Markussen, T., Lenskjold, T.In proceedings of the DRS Conference, 2016, Brighton, UKRead it here

Designing narrative games for serious contexts

Knutz, E., Markussen, T.,Desmet, P & Visch, V.In Proc. of the 8th Design and Emotion Confrence, Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design, London, 2012Read it here